31 January 1923 – Eligiusz Niewiadomski
Polish right-winger Eligiusz Niewiadomski was executed in 1923 for assassinating Poland’s first President.
He was sentenced to death for shooting Gabriel Narutowicz at an art exhibition in Warsaw.
Known for his modernist paintings, art critic Niewiadomski was a member of the right-wing National Democratic Party in the early 1900s. But he became disaffected after they lost the first election.
Poland was a young nation and went on to elect its first President in the shape of Narutowicz. Indeed he was inaugurated on 16 December 1922. But a mere five days later, he was dead.
Niewiadomski was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death by a firing squad. His execution took place at the Citadel in Warsaw and he was buried at the city’s Powązki Cemetery.