7 January 1400 – Thomas Holland
An earl lost his head on this day at the turn of the 15th century. And his uncle followed a week later.
The 1st Earl of Surrey Thomas Holland were executed for treason after he tried to overthrow the king in 1399.
Reason is treason
He’d teamed up with a host of other nobles including his uncle John to overthrown Henry IV and reinstate the imprisoned Richard II. Known as the Epiphany Rising, the plot failed because one of the team betrayed his so-called mates.
The grassed up earls fled to the West Country while Henry rallied his troops in London. But he needn’t have bothered as the traitors failed to drum up much support by way of an army. Thomas was soon caught at Cirencester and John at Pleshley.
Retribution was fast and fatal. Thomas was beheaded without even having a trial, aged roughly 26. And his uncle Earl of Huntingdon, John Holland followed just over a week later on 16 January 1400.