30 December 1873 – Elizabeth Woolcock
Elizabeth Lillian Woolcock remains the first and only woman to be hanged at Adelaide Gaol, Australia.
Abandoned by her mother at four, raped and beaten at seven and left to fend for herself at 9 after her father died, Woolcock didn’t have a hope of a normal life. She was eventually accused of poisoning her husband, based on circumstantial evidence and hearsay. Nevertheless she was found guilty and hanged for it.
Around 110 years later her trial was re-enacted in Australia and Woolcock was found not guilty.